Women and men practice and promote healthy gender norms and work together to end gender-based, sexual and intimate partner violence to mitigate risk and impact of HIV

No country so far achieved full gender equality, while structural inequalities linked to age, gender identity or sexual orientation, income, class, ethnicity, and many others combined with pervasive gender discrimination render women and girls, especially those belonging to key populations more vulnerable to HIV and its deleterious impacts. Violence against women––at home and in public spaces––continues to be a global pandemic. Too many girls are not accessing secondary education, while economic insecurity, including women’s disproportionate reliance on the informal sector for work and the burden of unpaid care and domestic work, increases their vulnerability to HIV and hamper their ability to mitigate the impact of the epidemic.

The reduction in the number of new HIV infections among women and girls has been slow and uneven across regions and even increasing in others. HIV continues to be a crisis amongst adolescent girls and young women in sub-Saharan Africa in particular. Thus, the 2016 Political Declaration on Ending AIDS target on reducing the number of adolescent girls and young women aged 15–24 years newly infected with HIV globally each year to below 100 000 by 2020 will likely be missed.

In 2020, the Joint Programme continued addressing the gender dimensions of the HIV epidemic through a range of activities. It supported countries in integrating gender equality into national HIV strategies, monitoring and evaluating frameworks and budgets, and enhancing leadership and participation of women living with HIV in decision-making.

Promoting leadership of women living with HIV was another focus for the Joint Programme. This resulted in young women and networks of women living with HIV taking on greater roles in defining a common agenda and participating meaningfully in HIV policy and programming at national, regional and global levels.

Find more details in the SRA report.

Outputs 2016-2021

5.1Strategic actions for gender equality and women and girls included and resourced in AIDS responses
5.2Actions to address and prevent all forms of gender-based violence implemented

 

OUTPUT INDICATOR Targets and Milestones 2020 Progress
Percentage of countries with national HIV policies and strategies that promote gender equality and transform unequal gender norms

2021: 70%

2019: 60%

2017: 50%

70% [61/87]

Percentage of countries with laws and/ or policies and services to prevent and address gender-based violence.

2021: 70%

2019: 60%

2017: 50%

61% [53/87]

Data source: 2020 JPMS country reports. Final numbers may vary slightly.